The Pekingese is a well-balanced, compact dog of Chinese origin with a
heavy front and lighter hindquarters. Its temperament is one of
directness, independence and individuality. Its image is lionlike,
implying courage, dignity, boldness and self-esteem rather than
daintiness or delicacy.
Size, Substance, Proportion
- The Pekingese, when lifted,
is surprisingly heavy for its size. It has a stocky, muscular body. All
weights are correct within the limit of 14 pounds. Disqualification:
Weight over 14 pounds
Overall balance is of utmost importance. The head is large in
proportion to the body. The Pekingese is slightly longer than tall when
measured from the forechest to the buttocks. The overall outline is an
approximate ratio of 3 high to 5 long.
- The topskull is massive, broad and
flat and, when combined with the wide set eyes, cheekbones and broad
lower jaw, forms the correctly shaped face. When viewed from the front,
the skull is wider than deep, which contributes to the desired
rectangular, envelope-shaped appearance of the head. In profile, the
face is flat. When viewed from the side, the chin, nose leather and
brow all lie in one plane, which slants very slightly backward from
chin to forehead. Ears
- They are
heart-shaped, set on the front corners of the topskull, and lie flat
against the head. The leather does not extend below the jaw. Correctly
placed ears, with their heavy feathering and long fringing, frame the
sides of the face and add to the appearance of a wide, rectangular
- They are large, very dark,
round, lustrous and set wide apart. The look is bold, not bulging. The
eye rims are black and the white of the eye does not show when the dog
is looking straight ahead. Nose
- It is
broad, short and black. Nostrils are wide and open rather than pinched.
A line drawn horizontally over the top of the nose intersects slightly
above the center of the eyes. Wrinkle
effectively separates the upper and lower areas of the face. It is a
hair-covered fold of skin extending from one cheek over the bridge of
the nose in a wide inverted V to the other cheek. It is never so
prominent or heavy as to crowd the facial features, obscure more than a
small portion of the eyes, or fall forward over any portion of the nose
- It is obscured from view by
the over-nose wrinkle. Muzzle
- It is very
flat, broad, and well filled-in below the eyes. The skin is black on
all colors. Whiskers add to the desired expression. Mouth
- The lower jaw is undershot and broad. The black lips meet neatly and
neither teeth nor tongue show when the mouth is closed.
Neck, Body, Tail
- It is very short and thick. Body
- It is pear-shaped, compact and low to the ground. It is heavy in
front with well-sprung ribs slung between the forelegs. The forechest
is broad and full without a protruding breastbone. The underline rises
from the deep chest to the lighter loin, thus forming a narrow waist.
The topline is straight and the loin is short. Tail
- The high set tail is slightly arched and carried well over the back,
free of kinks or curls. Long, profuse, straight fringing may fall to
They are short, thick and heavy-boned. The bones of the forelegs are
moderately bowed between the pastern and elbow. The broad chest, wide
set forelegs and the closer rear legs all contribute to the correct
rolling gait. The distance from the point of the shoulder to the tip of
the withers is approximately equal to the distance from the point of
the shoulder to the elbow. Shoulders are well laid back and fit
smoothly onto the body. The elbows are always close to the body. Front
feet are turned out slightly when standing or moving. The pasterns
They are lighter in
bone than the forequarters. There is moderate angulation of stifle and
hock. When viewed from behind, the rear legs are reasonably close and
parallel, and the feet point straight ahead when standing or moving.
Coat & Presentation
- It is a long, coarse-textured,
straight, stand-off outer coat, with thick, soft undercoat. The coat
forms a noticeable mane on the neck and shoulder area with the coat on
the remainder of the body somewhat shorter in length. A long and
profuse coat is desirable providing it does not obscure the shape of
the body. Long feathering is found on toes, backs of the thighs and
forelegs, with longer fringing on the ears and tail. Presentation
- Presentation should accentuate the natural outline of the Pekingese.
Any obvious trimming or sculpting of the coat, detracting from its
natural appearance, should be severely penalized.
All coat colors and markings are allowable and of equal merit. A black
mask or a self-colored face is equally acceptable. Regardless of coat
color the exposed skin of the muzzle, nose, lips and eye rims is black.
It is unhurried, dignified, free and strong, with a slight roll over
the shoulders. This motion is smooth and effortless and is as free as
possible from bouncing, prancing or jarring. The rolling gait results
from a combination of the bowed forelegs, well laid back shoulders,
full broad chest and narrow light rear, all of which produce adequate
reach and moderate drive.
A combination of regal dignity, intelligence and self-importance make
for a good natured, opinionated and affectionate companion to those who
have earned its respect.
Weight over 14 pounds.
The foregoing is a description of the ideal Pekingese. Any deviation
should be penalized in direct proportion to the extent of that
Approved: January 13, 2004
Effective: March 2, 2004
Copied from: http://www.akc.org/breeds/pekingese/index.cfm